We have seen from the Holy Bible that the Holy Spirit is definitely a person and not simply an influence or power. However, it is not enough to just believe the doctrine – we must know the Holy Spirit Himself. Furthermore, what sort of person is the Holy Spirit? Is He a finite or an infinite person? Is He God? The answers to these questions are found in the Holy Bible.
The attributes of God are eternity, omnipresence, omniscience and omnipotence. Does the Holy Spirit have these four attributes of God?*
Eternity (being eternal)
The Holy Spirit is eternal having no beginning and having no end. He has always been and will always be (Hebrews 9:14).
Omnipresence (present everywhere simultaneously)
The Holy Spirit is omnipresence. No matter where you are – He is there with you. Nothing can separate you from the Holy Spirit. Fear not - you are never alone, you are never on your on. You have not been abandoned. (Psalms 139:7-10)
Beyond all intellectuals on Earth, the Holy Spirit is all knowing. We are all simpletons in comparison. Fear not - you have all the knowledge and wisdom of God within you! (Isaiah 40:12-15. 1 Corinthians 2:10,11. John 14:26. John 16:12,13)
The Holy Spirit is the power of God. Fear not – you have all the power of God inside you! (Psalms 62:11. Luke 1:35. Luke 4:14. Acts 1:8).
Yes, based on the four attributes of God - the Holy Spirit is God. We have established from the Bible that the Holy Spirit is a person (1) and that He is God.
However, is He separate and distinct from God the Father and God the Son?
In this passage we have Jesus the Son being baptized in water on Earth, God the Father speaking to Jesus from Heaven, and the Holy Spirit descending from Heaven to Earth to rest upon Jesus (Luke 3:21,22). Furthermore, three separate and distinct persons are shown by this passage (Matthew 28:19).
God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit are mentioned in the Great Commission indicating that they are three separate persons. However, notice that the word “name” is singular. All three members of the Godhead (the Trinity) share a common covenant name – Jesus! (Ephesians 3:14,15). Note in the Book of Acts that converts were baptized into the name of Jesus, the shared name of the Trinity. (Acts 2:38; Acts 8:16; Acts 10:48; Acts 19:5). Not trying to say we are wrong using all three names but rather we are just incomplete in not mentioning the family NAME that is ABOVE ALL NAMES – JESUS! (Acts 4:12.Philippians 2:9-11)
God the Son asked God the Father for God the Holy Spirit to be sent to Christians (John 14:16). Again, they are shown to be three separate and distinct persons.
God, the Son is going away to Heaven to be with God the Father and the Holy Spirit is sent from Heaven to take His place on Earth (John 16:7). Therefore, three separate and distinct persons are implied.
The Holy Spirit was sent from God the Father, at the request of God the Son, to the Church on Earth (Acts 2:33). This is the fulfillment of the prayer request of Jesus mentioned in John 16:7.
Furthermore, each person of the Trinity has unique functions: God the Holy Spirit is the giver of the supernatural gifts (power) in the church, God the Son is over administration (authority) in the church, and God the Father is overall responsible for the vision and direction of the church (1 Corinthians 12:4-6). These separate roles and responsibilities indicate that there are three separate divine persons.
Nevertheless, although God is three distinct persons that exist separately they also live as if they are one being since they are so united in purpose and thought (Deuteronomy 6:4. John 17:21). Similar to water that can exist separately as a solid (ice), liquid (water) and gas (water vapor) simultaneously at the triple point (0.01 °C, 0.08871 psia) yet are still one because these are all different states or forms of water.
In summary, the Bible again and again clearly distinguishes between the three persons God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit (2 Corinthians 13:13). They are three separate personalities, having mutual relations to one another, acting upon one another, speaking of or to one another, and applying the pronouns of the second and third persons to one another. Yet they are in such harmony that they appear as to act like one! God is modeling the way we are supposed to live in the Body of Christ (Psalms 133. Ephesians 4:1-6).
To be continued (1)...
Links to the entire series:
(1) Left click on underlined phrase to open another article in a different tab with more explanation.
* Torrey, R. A., The Person and Work of the Holy Spirit, New Kensington: Whitaker House, 1996, ISBN 0-88368-384-9