The Gender Spectrum

When I use the term “gender spectrum,” you might think in terms of masculinity on one end and femininity on the other. We hear men being prompted to “get in touch with your feminine side.” (For some reason, women never seem to be exhorted to “get in touch with your masculine side.” Huh.)

One Gender Spectrum? NO!But I don’t think that’s the way it works.

In Genesis 1, we are told that “God created them male and female” (Gen. 1:27). I think, rather, that there is one spectrum of masculinity and another spectrum of femininity. I also think that God is the one who chooses where on the spectrum babies are born, according to His design and for His pleasure and glory.

The Femininity Spectrum

I suggest that little girls come into the world at some point on a femininity spectrum. On one end  is the girly-girl who comes out of the womb asking for the little flower headband to wear in the hospital nursery, and she keeps on running toward all things frilly and girly. She loves pink, loves to wear dresses and twirl around to “be pretty,” wants to wear nail polish and makeup just like Mommy (or like the other ladies she sees on TV).

Femininity Spectrum

On the other end of the spectrum is the tomboy jockette, who can’t stand wearing dresses, wants to climb trees and play tackle football with the boys. These girls are often gifted athletically and many are natural leaders. When these little girls’ type of femininity is supported and encouraged, they are comfortable in their skin just the way God made them. Wise parents also make sure they wear dresses and “act like a lady” when it’s time to do that—with the promise that when they get home, they can put their jeans or sweats back on and be comfortable.

Sometimes, though, girly-girl types can morph into “mean girls” and inform the jockettes that they’re not good enough as girls, and they can receive the message that it’s not okay to be the kind of girl they are, the kind of girl God chose for them to be because He has a good plan for them. They can grow up not feeling secure in their femininity.

The Masculinity Spectrum

On one end is the rough-and-tumble boy—athletic, noisy, enjoys getting dirty. He bonds to other boys shoulder-to-shoulder, engaging in common activities or tasks, and tends to find face-to-face interaction intimidating.

Masculinity Spectrum

On the other end of the spectrum from the athletic boy is the aesthetic boy: emotionally sensitive, gifted in art, music, theater, dance, or some other kind of art. He usually avoids athletics, getting dirty, and anything having to do with balls coming at him. He bonds eyeball-to-eyeball, connecting to others’ hearts through their eyes the way most girls do, but they are not girls. And then, of course, there is everything in between.

In our culture, we tend to define masculinity in terms of the rough-and-tumble type ONLY, but I don’t think God agrees, since He delights to create so many sensitive boys and those who are a balance between the two. In fact, even as toddlers, they can reveal themselves by responding to another child’s upset by dropping what they’re doing and going over to pat them, soothe them, and attempt to comfort them: “You okay? It’s okay.” This sensitivity is a beautiful thing to behold, but it can get a little boy in trouble. Since we define masculinity so narrowly, it is easy to marginalize and shame the masculinity of the sensitive boy. Especially if his daddy is a rough-and-tumble sort of man who is flummoxed by a little boy who would rather Daddy read to him than throw a football.

If the sensitive boy is affirmed in his type of masculinity, he can grow up to be a phenomenal husband, father, pastor, counselor, artist, musician, dancer—the list goes on. When tomboy girls are loved and accepted by their parents just the way they are, they can grow up to be great moms and teachers and scout leaders, especially of boys.  If, however, they are ostracized for the way they are designed, they can burn with the indignity of being “other than.”

It’s these sensitive, gifted boys that are most at risk for embracing a gay identity, especially when others wound them by slapping false labels on them, even from a young age: gay, queer, homo, fag. Tomboy girls, especially the ones gifted athletically, are quickly tagged with ugly false labels as well: lez, queer, gay. They can easily think, “What do others know that I don’t know? If they say it, it must be true.”

But it’s not true. They’re not gay, they’re gifted. If only they could be helped to see themselves that way!

Our goal as adults should be to help all children grow into gender-secure, emotionally healthy kids who are glad God made them a boy or a girl, and are comfortable in their own skins just the way God made them. I think it starts with affirming the different kinds of masculinity and femininity. It’s ALL good!

Sue Bohlin is a speaker/writer and webmistress for Probe Ministries, a Christian organization that helps people to think biblically. She loves teaching women and laughing, and if those two can be combined, all the better. She also loves speaking for MOPS (Mothers of Pre-Schoolers) and Stonecroft Ministries (Christian Women's Clubs) on the topic How to Handle the Things You Hate But Can't Change, based on her lifelong experience as a polio survivor. She has a freelance calligraphy business in her home studio; hand lettering was her "Proverbs 31 job" while her children were young. Sue also serves on the board of Living Hope Ministries, a Christ-centered organization that helps people struggling with unwanted homosexuality and the family members of those with same-sex attractions. Sue never met a cruise ship she didn't like, especially now that God has provided a travel scooter for getting around any ship! She is happily married to Dr. Ray Bohlin, writer and speaker on faith and science with Probe Ministries, and they have two grown sons. You can follow Sue on Twitter @suebohlin.


  • Sharifa Stevens

    Sue, this made me immediately

    Sue, this made me immediately think back to your post about the viral blog that made the rounds after Halloween.

    It's disheartening to think about how narrow our spectrums are, and the havoc that narrow spectrums can cause on self-esteem. There's just not enough room. Thank you for making room by explaining the spectrum of masculinity and femininity.

    I wonder if you have seen this video that addresses "manhood" and the boxes men force each other and themselves into. I would love to know your thoughts on it (I'm partially spelling it out because some of the subject matter is very grown up): http://www dot cnn dot com/2010/OPINION/12/26/porter.men.violence/index.html

  • Sophia Cairn

    Sue, I appreciate your post

    Sue, I appreciate your post and thank you for standing up for the gentle boys.  As a Christian and adoptive parent of two amazing boys–one of whom is not particularly rough and tumble–it's refreshing to hear someone in the church acknowledge that there is more than one way to be a boy.  

    However, I am disturbed by what you seem to be saying in your statement "They’re not gay, they’re gifted. If only they could be helped to see themselves that way!" Are you implying that as parents we can ensure our children are attracted to the opposite sex by affirming them as children?

    The reason this is interesting to me is because typically as parents of non-stereotypical boys we are told that we've been too affirming, too accepting.  We are frequently told that it's our acceptance of our boys' gentle and creative sides that makes them feel they can continue these more feminine traits into adulthood, and that these feminine traits make them gay.  So, if the goal is to affirm our sons and let them express themselves, how long do we do this?  Do we accept his love of musicals but not his first crushes?

    In other words, it seems we can't win.  No matter what we do, if our child turns out to be gay, it's out fault as parents.  It seems to me then, that our only choice, is to continue loving and accepting them as they grow into adults.

    My 8-year old son doesn't yet know the meaning of the word gay, but he does have a crush on a boy.  He's aware that his male schoolmates' playground crushes are focused on girls, so he keeps his crushes secret.

    Sure, he's experienced some odd glances for sporting figure skates instead of ones for hockey, but he's certainly never been called any of the derogatory terms you mention in your blog.  His gentle, cheerful spirit has been nurtured from day one.  He understands that there is more than one way to be a boy, and, more importantly, he understands that everyone doesn't understand this.  (His father is also a gifted musician, artistic and gentle.)  

    My goal as a parent is to make sure my son is sure of himself and who he is–knowing that he is who God created him to be.  I don't know for sure that he will identify as gay or transgendered later in life.  All I can is offer him the unconditional love and space to figure it out who he is.  But I do know, however he identifies, it will be him telling me–not the other way around.  It won't be the result of bullying or parenting.  

    In the words of another Christian parent, "I couldn't make my son gay–I can't even get my kids to brush their teeth." 

    Thanks again for your post.  I hope you will consider this response in love.  I am trying to make the world a safer, more loving place for my son–particularly in the church.

    • Sue Bohlin

      Affirming Children as God Made Them

      Hi Sophia,

      You wrote,

      >>Are you implying that as parents we can ensure our children are attracted to the opposite sex by affirming them as children?

      As a parent of two grown sons, let me say we can't ensure ANYTHING. But we can do everything in our power to raise emotionally healthy children who successfully navigate the whitewater of adolescence and emerge as gender-secure adults. Everything in OUR power doesn't cover all the bases, though. Here's the bottom line: children need to have a secure attachment to their same-sex parent (and this is especially true of boys) in order to feel they belong in the world of their gender, and then as they get into elementary school they need to learn to attach to their same-sex peers. They need to have buddies. I have seen a number of people who had wonderful, warm relationships with their parents but shut down their emotional growth when they didn't connect with other boys or other girls. They stayed stuck at their emotional age because the next stage of child development didn't happen.

      >> We are frequently told that it's our acceptance of our boys' gentle and creative sides that makes them feel they can continue these more feminine traits into adulthood, and that these feminine traits make them gay.

      Let me encourage you: whoever is telling you that doesn't know what they're talking about. The sensitive, creative, artistic boy is demonstrating the imago dei just as much as the rough and tumble boy. Our God is has a very big range to Him! When a boy's gentleness and creativity is respected, it won't make him gay. It will encourage him to grow in the way God made him. (Can you imagine a more gentle and creative boy than the Lord Jesus? He grew into very secure manhood!)  For 37 years I've been married to one of those sensitive, gentle boys who grew into an amazing man, and one of our sons is an emotionally sensitive artist who makes a great husband to his wife.

      >>My 8-year old son doesn't yet know the meaning of the word gay, but he does have a crush on a boy.  He's aware that his male schoolmates' playground crushes are focused on girls, so he keeps his crushes secret.

      8-year-olds are still learning to connect with and attach to other boys. This is an essential part of growing up. Having a boy-crush at this age is completely normal. I would be suspicious of the reported girl-crushes at this age. The other boys may be blowing smoke in what they're saying because they think it's expected of them.

      >>He understands that there is more than one way to be a boy, and, more importantly, he understands that everyone doesn't understand this.  (His father is also a gifted musician, artistic and gentle.) 

      Way to go, Mom and Dad! You can't ask for anything more than this from a sensitive boy. Let me just say–a dad's attention, affection and affirmation mean the world to a child, especially boys. Since your husband can affirm your son's emotional make-up as another sensitive soul, you guys are miles ahead of the game.

      >>In the words of another Christian parent, "I couldn't make my son gay–I can't even get my kids to brush their teeth."

      Great line! While it's true that nobody can make a son gay, unfortunately, unhealthy parent-child relationships can set children up to believe all sorts of lies about themselves and eventually assume a gay identity.

      >>I am trying to make the world a safer, more loving place for my son–particularly in the church.

      Good for you! The best thing you can do is pump up your son's "emotional immune system" by helping him celebrate and delight in the way God made him: sensitive, artistic, creative, gifted to bless others with his temperament and talents. So, even if people who don't understand him judge him, he can look in the mirror and say, "God made me special because He loves me and He has a plan for me."

      I'm glad you wrote. In closing, let me suggest a couple of articles for you:

      "God's Artists: Real Men?" by Ricky Chelette, http://www.livehope.org/?resource=gods-artists-real-men

      My answer to email about the reasons for same-sex attracted feelings, with lots of information about children and child development: http://www.probe.org/why-doesnt-god-answers-prayers-to-take-away-gay-feelings/

      Blessings to you,


  • Sue Bohlin

    I guess it’ll preach!

    Thank you, dear friend, for this very encouraging feedback! I'm so glad I was able to get that information to you in time for his sermon! I'm looking forward to listening to it.

    Blessing you today!

  • Anonymous

    Gifted Children

    What I am understanding from this is that; the children (Tomboys and Aesthetic Boy) that dont realize that they are gifted, instantly find attraction in the same sex? How are those two related…? And what about the Althletic boys or Girly girls that dont realize their gifts, what happens to them?

    • Sue Bohlin

      Tomboy Girls and Aesthetic Boys

      No, there is nothing instant or automatic about any of these dynamics. Actually, in my observation and experience, the majority of tomboy girls and aesthetic boys are not same-sex attracted. (Those who identify as gay comprise only about 2% of the population to begin with.) Most children grow up to be attracted to the opposite sex. Whether or not they recognize their giftings.

  • Evelyn Hall

    Girly but Gay

    I have a daughter that is very girly and has always loved everything pink and flowery and she has recently told me that she has feelings for another girl. We have always been very accepting of her femininity – and so has the rest of society. but she still has these feelings. She says that it is not a feeling of close friendship and that she has never felt this way about a boy.

    • Sue Bohlin

      Girly and drawn to another girl

      My guess is that your daughter is a teenager, probably early teens? I suggest you read my article "Helping Teens Understand Homosexuality," in which I make the point that having strong feelings (crushes) for same-sex friends is a normal part of adolescent development. It gets complicated when their newly-surging sex hormones connect with the natural desires to be close friends with other girls (or guys, if it's a male teen). But they're really two different issues.

      From my observations, it's God's plan for children to connect deeply and intensely first with their mothers, then a second layer of attachment and connection with their fathers, then a third layer with same-sex peers (which makes sense since it's easier to connect to people like us than people very different from us), then finally a fourth layer of attachment and connection with opposite-sex peers.  So kids move from learning to connect with their family relationships to non-family relationships. Some of those connections are going to be deeper and more intense than others, which is something all of us experience. Even Jesus had His inner circle of Peter, James and John, then a larger circle of the twelve disciples, plus a separate friend circle of Lazarus, Martha and Mary. 

      The biggest thing your daughter needs to hear is that she won't finish growing up till she's around 25, which is when the brain concludes the physical changes of adolescent development. So she needs to give herself permission to finish growing up and not make any declarations about her sexuality prematurely. One student at a Probe Mind Games Conference came back a second year and thanked me profusely for giving this simple piece of advice, because that one year made a huge difference in how he saw other guys and the newly attractive females of the species! 

      Let me also offer you an audio recording of my message on teens and homosexuality, which you can find on the messages page of my personal website: http://suebohlin.com/messages4.php. It has more information than I could have fit in the space and time parameters of the article I linked to above. 

      So glad you wrote!







    • Sue Bohlin

      It’s hard, I know.

      I'm sorry for the pain in your family. I do pray that God will show your brother how deeply loved he is, how precious he is to the God who made him, and that he will connect in healthy ways to other men who can help him feel that he belongs–as he does!–to the world of men.

  • Jesus Espinosa


    I am 14 years old and I have been browsing around the internet seeking for help and gauidance. My name is Jesus and have recently entered into high school. High school is known to be the dramatic changes and phases in a teens years. Since the entry of high school not much has changed about me. I've always been the same boy I have been, and if I'd have to describe myself it would be pretty much the aesthetic boy that you speak of. I am extremely shy, artistic, and musical. But I also dislike sports and am extremely empathetic. Because of this people often do smack labels onto me or frequently ask me " Are you gay?" & their opinions have not influenced me or make me question myself. Being raised through a ministry I have always been taught that the correct way of living is man and woman. Although, this is where my problem comes into play. I have never found women attractive or appeal to my senses. My father said that I'll go through a stage where I will feel the need to have or want a girlfriend, which isn't the case here. I actually happen to be attracted to guys. I'm sorry if this message seems scrambled all over the place, my life is just a disaster right now and I have no idea of what I should do.

    • Sue Bohlin

      Sorry You’re Struggling

      Thanks for writing, Jesus, and I'm sorry I didn't see your comment till now.

      You need to talk to others who can understand what it feels like to be you, especially other sensitive guys, and most especially sensitive guys who are leaning hard into Jesus, walking with Him and being transformed into His likeness. The Living Hope Youth forums (free, confidential, moderated) at http://www.livehope.org is a great place to find fellowship and resources for much greater self-understanding. Starting with a powerful explanation of where your same-sex attractions come from, by our executive director Ricky Chelette. 

      Please check it out!!



  • SD


    I am gay. Without a doubt, my dad and mom influenced me with their upbringing. mum was highly overprotective and controlling who never let sight of me, and dominated my every minute of life, even though I hated it. dad was completely distant and absent emotionally, though present physically. Had an elder brother, who was highly competitive and absolutely loved the attention showered by parents on him. never remember a single time dad even tried to bond with me. mum tried to take me with her to all her friends parties and meetings. I was constantly surrounded by women and females all the time. I even remember learning mannerisms from them from a very young age. never got the opportunity to observe male behaviour. only male behaviour I was exposed to was the uncomfortable kind where I was constantly rejected and laughed at from memories even younger than I was 5 years old. it was a vicious circle, god knows where the cycle started from. I distanced myself from my dad and elder brother because I noticed they had only scorn and disdain for me. My dad and brother inturn excluded me from everything and anything that men/boys/males would do. I was not even taught how to ride a bike by my dad. but my brother was taught that at a very young age. so here I was completely embarassed talking a bicycle away from my neighbourhood far away in a park and trying to learn how to ride a bike by myself. anyway, I know my life at home was highly dysfunctional and destructive to me. It did not build me up as a confident individual. it totally broke me and destroyed me. GOD DID ALL OF THIS TO ME and now I hear God considers it as sin. How very charming. Ever since my birth it looks like the entire world is against me and wants me to die. I am not normal. even I don't feel I am normal. but I did not become this way. I was made this way by the bad upbringing of my parents. my dad was responsible for not exposing me and connecting me to anything male oriented. he distanced himself from me, who knows for what, I cannot even remember a single incident where he was hugged me or given me a comforting cuddle as a 5-6 year old. the only memories I have of a 5-6 year old is that of rejection, complete confusion as to why I am not wanted by my dad, feelings of inadequacy at a very young age that I must be worthless because my dad does not want me. God did this to me. God is the true devil.

    • Sue Bohlin

      Incredible Pain and Great Sadness

      My heart hurts for you, my friend. I am so very sorry for what life has been like for you. I can only imagine how deeply the wounds of rejection go in your heart. 
      You have very articulately painted a picture of the dysfunctional nature of your family relationships. It sure sounds to me that neither your mother nor your father, not to mention your brother, loved you well or wisely. You deserve to be celebrated and enjoyed, and I'm sorry you have missed out on that. 
      But after writing so articulately about your family, you then lay the blame entirely on God. I respectfully suggest that while He did allow it, He did not orchestrate it. In fact, from His commands to fathers and mothers in the Bible, we can get a very good idea of how God wants parents to love their children, and what you experienced was not it. 
      I want you to know, too, that nowhere in God's word does He condemn the feeling of being "other than," of being different. Nowhere does He call it sin. Sin enters in when people cross the line into sexual expression outside of marriage. That's a long way from what is the essence of feeling gay, as I understand it from my friends, which is the feeling of being "other than." (And my guess is, you also identify as gay out of an awareness of your God-given strengths in sensitivity, creativity, possibly music or drama or art? Those don't make you gay, they make you gifted.) 
      Please know that the unloving ways in which your family treated you hurts God's heart in a huge way. He did not do this to you. He loves you. He invites you into an intimate Father-son relationship with Him.

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