When “He” Also Means “She”

One night I was reading the Bible to my daughter. As I read an applicational verse from an older translation that began, “The men who…,” I noticed she tuned me out. Knowing the author intended to include both males and females, I re-read the verse to her as “The person who…” She sat up straight up in bed and exclaimed, “Finally! Something to me!”

I explained to her, as I had done previously, that “he” or “his” can refer to male and female (which is actually sort of confusing gender-wise), and she insisted, “I know….” Yet despite what she knew, she perceived the author as excluding her.

Recently, a godly friend sent me a link to an article to which she attached the curiosity-invoking disclaimer, “I don’t agree whatevs.” Intrigued, I followed the URL and read an article in which a professor at a Christian college outlined what he considered the causes of Bible-believing Christians “embracing . . . the eventual legalization of marriage between people of the same sex.” He gave as one of his reasons the acceptance of “language that its proponents call ‘gender-inclusive’ or ‘gender-accurate,’ but which is really ‘gender-neutral.’”

I disagreed with much of his argument. But for now, I will consider only whether such language is, indeed, gender-neutral, as he says.

He outlined what he saw as the three-fold strategy to confuse readers:

  • “Never use he or him as the gender-inclusive pronoun…
  • “Never use the word man or mankind to signify the human race (use instead human, person, humanity, or humankind)…
  • “Replace ‘sexist’ words like fireman, policeman, chairman … with gender-neutral ones like firefighter, police officer, chair….”

Each of these, he viewed as bad.

So just to reiterate, he basically said that those who want precise, gender-specific language are being “gender-neutral” and embracing practices that lead to the acceptance of same-sex marriage. Does this not seem backwards? Because gender-neutrality is what those following the above three rules of translation are seeking to change.

The same author argued that those who want distinctions in Bible translations (which reflect the authors’ intent, I might add) are the same people accepting the watering down of distinctions in marriage. That’s just illogical. And sadly ironic.

If he were the only person to argue that making male/female distinctions in biblical translations = a feminist and same-sex marriage agenda, I’d ignore him. But he has plenty of company.

Some slap labels on any team that creates a translation in which my daughter can see when the biblical authors intended to include someone like her. Some opponents even try to add credibility to their camp by saying it’s a complementarian vs. egalitarian issue. The author certainly did in his accusation: “Not content with simply silencing the Bible’s complementarian vision of the sexes, such proponents have forced the Bible into the role of linguistic accomplice.”

I would argue that such translators have usually done quite the contrary. Most seek to take earlier translators’ work and clarify it in order to reveal the complementary vision of the sexes—the presence and partnership of both male and female when the original authors implied it.

Do we believe the Scriptures distinguish between male and female? Absolutely. Does the Bible teach that such distinctions are good? Absolutely. So why would we want to continue confusing today’s readers by describing groups of men and woman as “men”?  

Those inclined to disagree are quick to slap on a "homosexuality" label—perhaps because nothing seems to silence an evangelical faster than being associated with feminism and the LGBT agenda. But that dynamic is another issue for another time.


For more from Sandra Glahn, check out this short video post on blogging for influence.

Sandra Glahn, who holds a Master of Theology degree from Dallas Theological Seminary (DTS) and a PhD in The Humanities—Aesthetic Studies from the University of Texas/Dallas, is a professor at DTS. This creator of the Coffee Cup Bible Series (AMG) based on the NET Bible is the author or coauthor of more than twenty books. She's the wife of one husband, mother of one daughter, and owner of two cats. Chocolate and travel make her smile. You can follow her on Twitter @sandraglahn ; on FB /Aspire2 ; and find her at her web site: aspire2.com.


  • Mathew Bartlett

    Gender Inclusivity

    I know it is often the case in the Greek text, that gender inclusivity can be implied in some instances unless gender specific pronouns are used (and there are lots of those, as you say!) but can anyone on this page tell me if and how the same gender inclusivity occurs in Hebrew? Links to relevant journal articles on this subject for translators would be welcome too.


    PS I'm slowly adding resource links like this blog to my (hopefully helpful) list of study resources here: New Testament Studies

    • Sandra Glahn

      About Hebrew…

      Thanks for your comment, Mathew. Your site full of resources looks good.

      I asked a favorite Hebrew scholar how she would answer your question, and here's what she said: "Hebrew does use masculine nouns and pronouns for mixed groups, but aside from standard grammars, I don't have anything on the topic to recommend off hand. It's not such a big topic of conversation for Hebrew and OT as it is for NT, though." 

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