Noah. Genocide. The Goodness of God.
This week Darren Aronofsky’s Noah will flood theaters (sorry, I couldn’t help it) with a story kind of like Genesis 6-9. It’s definitely a prodigal movie, taking the text and wandering off to a far country, but it does stick to the basic story line: The humans he made have become God-sickeningly corrupt. So he pours out his judgment in a flood, and all flesh “in whose nostrils was the breath of life…died.” In response the highly inflamatory (and proud of it) TV talk s how host Bill Maher says, "It's about a psychotic mass murderer who gets away with it, and his name is God…. Conservatives are always going on about how Americans are losing their values and their morality, well maybe it's because you worship a guy who drowns babies." Ummm…where to begin? Let’s start with Aranofsky…
The $130 million budget is all up there on the screen with gifted actors (Russell Crowe, Anthony Hopkins, Jennifer Connelly & co) and breath-taking special effects–the “fountains of the great deep” bursting forth and the “the windows of heaven” opening. And the ride of the most famous boat in the history of the world gives new depth and meaning to the phrase “storm-tossed.”
But, as director Aranofsky was quoted in the New Yorker, “Ten men in a room trying to come up with their favorite ice cream are going to agree on vanilla. I’m the rocky road guy.” So think of Noah as the rocky road version of vanilla Genesis.
Right off the bat Aranofsky signals his approach to God and the biblical text, rewriting the famous words of Genesis 1:1 “In the beginning….was nothing.” No God who loves and grieves over his broken world. And many critics have noted that God is a fairly distant player in this drama.
As the story unfolds we see that in this version Noah’s son Ham is not married (and clearly resents it). Aranofsky also gives us a rocky road villain, Tubal-Cain, who stows away on the ark. Giant sea creatures, sprouting forests and rock-like Watchers (the Nephalim of old) pop into the story to ramp up the tension and violence. The images can be much more powerful than the Genesis text, especially for young imaginations.
Aranofsky has woven in a fair amount of what my son likes to call eco-porn (where, as in Avatar, the real criminals are not so much those who murder, rape and destroy human lives, but those who take advantage of earth’s resources). Hence the real antipathy of the audience is much more directed at what this evil race has done to the earth or to Noah’s family, rather than how they have scorned God and his love.
But the movie still brings us the biblical bottom line: The righteous man and his family are saved. The wicked are destroyed.
Actually in this the movie is more biblical than the images of the ark I grew up with. I remember Bill Cosby’s hilarious “How long can you tread water?” routine. Noah is sawing…
Whoompah…woompah… “Who is that?
“It’s the Lord, Noah.”
“Right.” Whoompah, whoompah…
As a very young child I had a wooden puzzle of the floating zoo of happy animals under the arc of God’s beautiful rainbow of promise. I recall flannel graph stories of Noah building a big, bright yellow boat (not this one covered in biblical pitch) and giraffes and elephants loading into it two by two.
But I don’t remember thousands of flannel graph people swept away in torrents or beating on the giant ark with the closed door. I don’t remember faces frozen in terror…”the thing we laughed at is coming upon us.” No people screaming, clawing and sinking below the waves. (how's that for a nursery theme?)
So into today’s ubertolerant culture we have a block-buster movie with sympathetic characters that’s all about God’s judgment on sinners. That’s really pretty remarkable. The overwhelming power of judgment sweeping away the comparatively feeble presumption and evil of men. When was the last time we had a culturally relevant opportunity to ask…do you think there is a Creator who judges us?
Maybe you’ve considered Bill Maher's question: “Is it loving to save Noah and let everyone else drown…even babies?” That question ought to bring all of us to think seriously about God. And sin.
It’s the question of our time: Is a God who judges evil really good? We can presume, as CS Lewis said, “to put God in the dock” (on the witness stand) and grill him Bill-Maher-style about his actions and motives. “What kind of tyrant punishes everyone (even the babies) just to get back at the few he's mad at?”
Okay, Bill, first of all, he’s not mad at a few. Genesis 6:12,13 “And God said to Noah, ‘I have determined to make an end of all flesh, for the earth is filled with violence through them.’” They were all corrupt and violent. They were all oppressive and morally bankrupt.
We don’t have a description of their sin here, but we do have a description of the Canaanites’ sin. These were the people living in the land God promised to Israel. He didn’t bring them into the land until the Canaanites sin reached a threshold of evil which God describes in Leviticus 18: rampant incest, adultery, homosexuality, bestiality, child sacrifice, for “by all these the nations I am driving out before you have become unclean, and the land became unclean, so that I punished its iniquity, and the land vomited out its inhabitants (Leviticus 18:24-25). What do you do with a people who thinks their highest form of worship is burning their babies in the fire? Note to Aranofsky: no mention of cutting down trees.
In the time of the flood, the corruption led to extreme violence. The world was not safe, not even for children. It was a world filled with the worst kind of Mad Max gang warfare—chaotic and cruel.
As I wrestled with this question I thought, what were the options? If God had taken out the adults but saved the children, who would care for them? They would die slow deaths of starvation and exposure to the elements and wild beasts.
From God’s point of view death is brokenness. And even though Lazarus knew God and would spend eternity with him, Jesus wept with Mary and Martha over the death of their brother. Death without knowing God, death after sin and selfishness is the worst tragedy imaginable. Sin eparates us from God, and death continues that separation forever.
So when I hear these difficult Bill Maher questions I can see a severe mercy in the death of babies. God can foreknow them and call them and bring them into an eternity of blessing with him (Romans 8:29-30). That is far better than living in a world on fire with corruption and violence. It is far better than being caught up in that corruption and violence, being corrupted by it and spending an eternity separated from God.
I can finally rest on the same bedrock Abraham did “Will not the judge of all the earth do what is right?” Even from the midst of my own struggle with the pain and limitation of rheumatoid arthritis I believe he will. He knows far more about the consequences of sin than I do. He knows how to redeem it and when to remove the threat.
God will do what is right because he is far more loving and good than we can imagine. Any doubter has only to look at the cross to see God the Son taking upon himself the sin of the world, suffering the consequences of separation from God so that we wouldn’t have to. Jesus said, “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him" (John 3:16-17).
Jesus is our ark. We enter into relationship with him and we are safe.
Would Jesus watch this movie? Jesus speaks of Noah as a true story: “Just as it was in the days of Noah, so will it be in the days of the Son of Man, he said, “They were eating and drinking and marrying and being given in marriage, until the day when Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all. Luke 17:25-27 I don’t know what he thinks of Aranofsky’s retelling.
But I think he would love to have a cup of coffee with the secular, Jewish, Harvard-grad-from-New-York director and ask him what he believes about judgment. Maybe he would ask him what he thinks about what the apostle Peter wrote in 2 Peter 3:5-12. Maybe he would lean in and ask him, “Darren, after all this time living in this apocalyptic story…do you feel safe?
Those who accuse God have no understanding of God
I'm not sure about the film Noah that is coming out but this negative review of God can be compared to an insect like an Ant judging a Judge who sentences corrupt evil people with the death penalty.
Many of the people God wiped out in that flood were part demon and part human. The others who died in that flood had hundreds of years to get in that Ark and be saved because that is how long Noah warned them of their coming doom if they did not.
Who are you a mere human to judge God? Your view of the all omnipresent and omnipotent God is like that of an Ant.
Bipolar Criticism of God Speaks Volumes
The irony of those who judge the harsh way God dealt with people in the Old Testament under the Old Covenant as too severe and unmerciful are many of the same people who criticize God in the New Testament under the New Covenant as too eager to forgive the most evil act a person does.
Wish these critics of God would make up your miinds!
Maybe you just want to throw stones to try to diminish the God you wish we did not believe in at all. Sorry but there will always be something to worship. Materialism Money, approval, your husband or wife, a celebrity, fame? If we choose to worship God what business is that of yours?
My comment was directed to Bill Maher and people who dare to criticize God only. They are like Ants trying to understand something beyond their scope of comprehension!
What a terrifically cogent and succicent review. I've purposely remained on the perimeter of the current 'Noah Wars' as admittedly I am plain weary of it and all others which have come before. In fact, I am Switzland when it comes to all-things Ark.
However… your magnificent meld of intelligence, critical-thinking (hey! there's an idea), and kick-butt composition has won me over. I just may purchase a matinee ticket after all.
Keep on doing what you do, my friend!
Do not make assumptions
Surely the difficulty here is assuming that the bible text is literally true in the same way that a legal contract drafted by big-wig lawyers is correct?
To really believe that the Christina God would act in this way is surely blasphemous?
Perhaps the writer believed that the Flood was sent by God (just as Job's comforters believed they were giving wise advice)
But when we compare the story with the life, death and teaching of Jesus; when we apply reason; when we consider our own experience of God; when we look at the New Testament and learn that God id Love – we MUST conclude that the writer was mistaken.
God did NOT send the flood
God *is* love. He is also good. And just.
Thanks for engaging, Mick. I'm wondering what you think of this quote from CS Lewis:
"God is the only comfort. He is also the supreme terror: the thing we most need and the thing we most want to hide from. He is our only possible ally, and we have made ourselves His enemies. Some people talk as if meeting the gaze of absolute goodness would be fun. They need to think again. They are still only playing with religion. Goodness is either the great safety or the great danger—according to the way you react to it. And we have reacted the wrong way. . . . Of course, I quite agree that the Christian religion is, in the long run, a thing of unspeakable comfort. But it does not begin in comfort; it begins in the dismay I have been describing, and it is no use at all trying to go on to that comfort without first going through that dismay. In religion, as in war and everything else, comfort is the one thing you cannot get by looking for it. If you look for truth, you may find comfort in the end: if you look for comfort you will not get either comfort or truth—only soft soap and wishful thinking to begin with and, in the end, despair."
From Mere Christianity
When I look at the cross, Mick, I see our sin being judged. I see Jesus who loved us so much that he took our judgment upon himself so we could be comforted and he would be condemned. It is the very essence of self-sacrificing love.
Our choosing to "do it my way" rather than God's a hundred or thousand times a day alienates us from God's love. What relationship isn't destoyed by selfishly disregarding others? Doesn't sin against a perfectly good God always deserve judgment? A crucifixion? A flood?
If God didn't judge sin why else did he purpose for his own Son to be "crushed" and crucified? God judges because he loves and wants intimacy only possible through repentance at the foot of he cross where Jesus can reconcile us to God.
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